Get to know Canada and Ontario

Learn about Ontario


Geography - Canada is the second-largest country in the world with ten million square kilometers stretching across three ocean borders, the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east and the Arctic Ocean in the north. The country borders the United States in the south and the north-west. Learn more about Canada's Climate, Laws, Government and Human Rights.

Founding Peoples - The Aboriginal or indigenous peoples of Canada lived here for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans. There are three groups of indigenous peoples: First Nations, Inuit and Métis. French settlers first came to Canada in the 1600s, followed by English-speaking settlers from Great Britain and Ireland in the 1700s and 1800s. In 1971, the country adopted an official policy of multiculturalism, which ensures equal treatment of all cultures and today it is estimated that, about 20 percent of Canadians were born outside of Canada. Learn more about Canada's History and its Peoples. (Read more) 

Demography - Most Canadians live in urban and suburban settings in regions with dense populations. There are three founding peoples in Canada.

Government - Though an independent nation Canada remains a constitutional monarchy and a member of the British Commonwealth. Queen Elizabeth II is the Queen of Canada and the head of state; represented by the Governor General who is nominated by the current prime minister. The elected prime minister is the head of Canada's government.


Geography - Ontario is the second largest province and territory in Canada covering more than 1 million square kilometers (415,000 square miles) with over 13 million people, and home to more than one third of Canada's population. The name "Ontario" comes from an indigenous word meaning "beautiful lake" or "sparkling water". The indigenous or Aboriginal peoples of Ontario have lived in the land of sparkling water for at least 7,000 years. Ottawa, the capital city of Canada is located in Ontario on the Ottawa river, which is the border with Quebec. The different landscape includes the rocky and mineral rich Canadian Shield which divides the fertile farmland in the south from lushy grassy lowlands of the north. Find more about Ontario's History, Geography and some Key Facts about the province.

People and Culture - Almost 40 percent of the population of Canada lives in Ontario. Most Ontarians live in urban centres in the southern part of the province near the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River. Aboriginal peoples - First Nation, Métis and Inuit - make approximately 2% of Ontario's population and about one-fifth of all Aboriginal people in Canada. Ontario's First Nations peoples include Algonquian-speaking Cree, Oji-Cree, Algonquin, Ojibwa, Odawa, Potawatomi and Delaware, plus the Iroquoian-speaking Six Nations (Mohawkm Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca and Tuscarora). Learn more about Ontario's People and Culture, Economy and Natural Resources.

Canadian Cultural Values and Beliefs

Canada is an open, free society where people have the right to express their opinion and practice their faith and cultural traditions. Respecting these freedoms and celebrating diversity is the foundation of Canadian culture. (Learn more)

Canadians believe the good of many is sometimes more important than the rights of any one individual. Canadians feel strongly that education and basic health care should be free for every residents and the government should provide income support to those in need.

Inclusivity and Diversity

Canada is a diverse society that works towards the inclusion of all people. Canada’s population includes people with differences of all kinds, such as cultural and religious backgrounds, sexual orientation, gender identity, ability, and interests. Learn more about Inclusion and Diversity.

Human Rights

The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is part of Canada’s Constitution. The charter outlines Canadian values and describes the kinds of personal human rights and freedoms Canadians live by in this country. Some of these rights includes the right to be presumed innocent until you’re proven guilty, freedom of conscience and religion and protection from being detained and placed in prison without a just reason. Learn more about The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Norms and Expectations

Canadians have a reputation for being polite, diplomatic, and funny! We are often seen as quiet, kind, reserved and in business and politics Canadians seem less aggressive and ambitious. Upon meeting a Canadian for the first time; the discussion will almost never include personal information such as finances, diets, health etc. [Read More].